1, 4-Dioxane Essentially Banned in Cosmetics, Personal Care, and Cleaning Products in New York State

 In Cleaning Products

By: Joe McCarthy, Lab Service Manager/Senior Regulatory Affairs Specialist, email

On December 9th, 2019, New York State Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law legislation (S 4389B/A 6295A). This is “An Act to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to prohibiting household cleaning products, cosmetic products, and personal care products that contain 1,4-dioxane”.

This new law will prohibit the distribution and sale of cosmetics, personal care and cleaning products that contain 1, 4-dioxane (CAS# 123-91-1) in excess of the following limits:

1,4-dioxane Limit & Deadline for Compliance
Household Cleaning Products≤ 2 ppm by Dec.31, 2022
≤ 1 ppm by Dec.31, 2023
Cosmetics≤ 10 ppm by Dec.31, 2022
Personal Care Products≤ 2 ppm by Dec.31, 2022
≤ 1 ppm by Dec.31, 2023

The new law also allows for monetary civil penalties for violation of the limits.

  • 1000 $ per day per violation
  • 2500 $ per day per violation for second violations

1, 4-dioxane is formed as a by-product in the ethoxylation of anionic and non-ionic surfactants including alkyl ether sulfates, ethoxylated alcohols, polyethylene glycols (and their esters), and sorbitan ester ethoxylates. 1, 4-dioxane is classified by IARC as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B).

The full text of the legislation may be found here.

Dell Tech
Joe McCarthy, Senior Regulatory Affairs Specialist

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